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Explain various rescue methods.

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MPA 018 Assignment Solution | DISASTER MANAGEMENT | Explain various rescue methods…

Simple Rescue Methods Rescue can be carried out ideally by using rescue equipment but also by ordinary methods when equipment is not available. For rescuing an affected individual, there are two types of methods: Single Person Methods and Two Person Methods.

A) Single Person Methods 

Firemen’s Lift

This method is used when the affected person is unconscious and only one rescuer is available for carrying out rescue work. In this method, the rescuer first makes the affected person lie on his or her abdomen. Then he uses both his hands to lift the affected person by his armpits. He holds the right hand of the affected person with his left hand and with his free hand, he holds the affected person’s right leg.

Now the rescuer lifts the affected person with both his hands and positions him or her in such a manner that his or her waste lies just above the neck of the rescuer.

Human Crutch :

This method is used when the affected person has an injury in one of his/her legs. In this method, the rescuer first ties the injured leg of the affected person with his opposite leg with a handkerchief.

If the affected person’s left leg is hurt, the rescuer will tie this leg with his own right leg. The rescuer holds the affected person’s waist with his hand and then they both can walk slowly with the rescuer supporting the affected person’s injured leg with his own leg.

Pick aback :

This method is used when the affected person has an injury in his or her leg and is not able to walk long distances but can support himself or herself with his or her hand.

In this method, the rescuer first gets down on one knee and allows the affected person to His back.  The rescuer then holds the affected person at the thighs and the affected person encircles the rescuer’s neck for support.

Staircase drag :

This method is used when one has to rescue an unconscious person from a floor higher than the ground floor. In this method, the affected person is laid down on his back and his hands and feet are tied with a handkerchief.

The rescuer holds the casualty’s armpits and slowly drags him or her down the stairs head, first.

Firemen’s Crawl :

This method is used when the affected person is trapped inside a smoke-filled area and is unconscious. The rescuer first ties the hands of the casualty and then goes astride the casualty.

The rescuer inserts his head in the loop made by the casualty’s hands. Then by pushing his hand and foot against the ground, he can drag the casualty to a safer place.

B) Two Person Methods

Fore and Aft :

This method is used when the affected person is having an abdominal injury. For carrying out this method, two rescuers are required. 

In this method, the affected person is laid down flat on his/her back. One of the rescuers holds the casualty from the armpits while the second rescuer holds the legs. Then they both lift the casualty and in this way, they can shift the casualty to a safer place.

Two-Hand Seat :

This method is used when the affected person is injured in one leg. For carrying out this method two rescuers face each other on either side of the affected person.

They both bend and place their inside arms under the casualty’s back just below the shoulders, raise him and put their outside arms under his thighs, holding each other’s hands with a hook grip. The affected person can place his/her hands around rescuers’ necks.

Four Hand Seat Method :

This method is used for an affected person who is heavy and who can support her/himself with his/her hand.

In this case, each of the two rescuers grasps his left wrist with his right hand, grasping the other rescuer’s right wrist with his left hand.

Carry Chair: This method is useful to lift a handicapped or a very old person. The person to be lifted is placed on a chair, and then, the chair can be carried to a safer area.

Wrapped Up

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