Electronic governance or e-governance is the application of IT for delivering government services, exchange of information, communication transactions, integration of various stand-alone systems between government to citizen, government-to-business, government-to-government, Government-to employees as well as back-office processes and interactions within the entire government framework. Through e-governance, government services are made available to citizens in a convenient, efficient, and transparent manner.
The three main target groups that can be distinguished in governance concepts are government, citizens, and businesses/interest groups. In e-governance, there are no distinct boundaries. finance and support. legal and policy framework of ICT Information Technology Act 2000 The Information Technology Act, 2000 or ITA, 2000 or IT Act, was notified on October 17, 2000. It is the law that deals with cybercrime and electronic commerce in India. In this article, we will look at the objectives and features of the Information Technology Act, of 2000.
In 1996, the United Nations Commission on International Trade Law (UNCITRAL) adopted the model law on electronic commerce (e-commerce) to bring uniformity to the law in different countries. Further, the General Assembly of the United Nations recommended that all countries must consider this model law before making changes to their own laws. India became the 12th country to enable cyber law after it passed the Information Technology Act, of 2000.
The objectives of the Act are as follows:
Grant legal recognition to all transactions done via electronic exchange of data or other electronic means of communication or e-commerce, in place of the earlier paper-based method of communication. Give legal recognition to digital signatures for the authentication of any information or matters requiring legal authentication Facilitate the electronic filing of documents with government agencies and also departments Facilitate the electronic storage of data
Give legal sanctions and also facilitate the electronic transfer of funds between banks and financial institutions grant legal recognition to bankers under the Evidence Act, 1891 and the Reserve Bank of India Act, 1934, for keeping the books of accounts in electronic form.
Report of the Working Group on Convergence and E-governance 2002-07
The report of the Working Group on Convergence and E-governance proposed the need for the administration to transform itself from a passive information and service provider to a platform/ forum for the active involvement of citizens. This Report primarily concerned itself with public investments. It could not visualize the extent of private initiative that could be expected to come forth in the convergence area or in e-commerce or allied segments. It felt the need to set up a central body for taking stock of the total IT picture in the country.
This central body could be a ‘Council for E-governance’ or an Adhoc Commission on Reengineering Administrative Procedures for E-governance. Another alternative it suggested was to set up a National Institute of Smart Governance Common Minimum Programme. The importance of e-governance has been recognized in the Common Minimum Programme of the UPA Government, which inter-alia states that e-governance will be promoted on a massive scale. It made a solemn pledge to the people of the country with a government that would be corruption free, transparent, and accountable; and an administration that would be responsible and responsive at all times.